Unani Medicine is a form of traditional medicine practiced in Middle- East and South-Asian countries. It refers to a tradition of Graeco-Arabic medicine, which is based on the teachings of Greek physician Hippocrates and Roman physician Galen and developed into an elaborate medical system in middle age era by Arabian and Persian physicians, such as Rhazes (al-Razi), Avicenna (Ibn-e- Sina), Al-Zahrawi, and Ibn Nafis.
It originated in Greece almost 2500 years back, which is herbo- animo- mineral in origin (Approximately 90% herbal, 4-5% animal and 5-6 % mineral). It is not only the original science of medicine but also a rich store house of principles and philosophies of medicine which can be of immense value to the medicine in particular and science in general.
It is a comprehensive medical system, which meticulously deals with the various states of health and disease. It provides promotive, preventive, curative and rehabilitative healthcare. The fundamentals, diagnosis and treatment modalities of the system are based on scientific principles and holistic concepts of health and healing. Accordingly it considers individual in relation to his environment and stresses on health of body, mind and soul. Temperament (Mizaj) of a patient is given great importance in diagnosis and treatment of diseases. Temperament is also taken into consideration for identifying the most suitable diet and lifestyle for promoting the health of a particular individual. In spite of continuous neglect, this healing art is not only surviving but also complimenting other systems of medicine.
The Unani System of Medicine offers treatment of diseases related to all the systems and organs of the human body. The treatments for chronic ailments and diseases of skin, liver, musculo-skeletal and reproductive systems, immunological and lifestyle disorders have been found to be highly effective and acceptable. The use of elatives, exhilarants, aphrodisiacs, organ-specific tonics and immunomodulatory drugs, temperament specific drugs, correctives for adverse effects, coctives and purgatives etc. are unique features of Unani System of Medicine. Cosmoceutics, Nutraceutics, Aromatics and corresponding therapies are important parts of treatment in Unani System of Medicine.
This system of medicine is a comprehensive medical system, providing promotive, preventive, curative and rehabilitative healthcare. Its fundamentals, diagnosis and treatment modalities are based on scientific principles and a holistic approach, considering each individual in relation to his/her environment and emphasizes on the health of body, mind and soul.
Concept of Health
In the Unani system of medicine there are six basic factors which are considered essential for the maintenance of good health and prevention of diseases.
If a person is in practice of these basic principles with perfect balance, his/her health remains maintained.
Health is thus considered as a state of body with humors in equilibrium and body functions normal. It is based on six essential elements:
- Drinks and food
- Sleep and wakefulness
- Excretion and retention
- Physical activity
- Mental activity and rest